Edition of thirteen unpublished Homeric papyri in the collection of Pennsylvania, Princeton and Yale University and in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo: three new (P. CtBR 3079, 3083, 3084) and other shortly described by A.S. Hunt and B.P. Grenfell in P. Oxy. IV 751, 754, 779, P. Oxy. VI 948, P. Fay. 209, 210, 309 and by G. Waddell in EdP 1 (1932), 11-13.
Through analysis of some passages from P.Oxy. 3722 (commentary on Anacreon) we will try to find something new in relation to the interpretation and the textual comprehension, also with the aid of supplements and new readings. Text columns, which have been preserved at their best, contained about 30±3 letters per line, an average which, with due caution, could be extended to the whole roll.
Edition of a papyrus strip kept in Prague (P.Prag. inv. Gr I 95), written by a coarse hand which can be assigned to the V AD on paleographical grounds. The text is a draft, probably containing the essential datas for a letter.
Preliminary report of excavation at Antinoupolis, directed by R. Pintaudi. The archaeological works were carried in several parts of the city: the atrium of church D3 the so-called baptistery-tomb in the north necropolis, the chapel of Theodosia.
When the excavation started, the site was found with numerous new destructions, partly caused by clandestine antiquities seekers, partly by vandals: such damages, and the initiatives taken by the mission to repair them, are documented in the first part of the article. Then, the main scientific activities of the mission are described.
Author discusses some problems of transactions between Greeks and Egyptians in everyday life, especially operating in the forms of the strange law. The discussion focuses on cases of family- and hereditary law and on new developments in the frame of real securities. In a second section are debated questions of process, the competent forum and the applicable law.
The papyrus, dated to the 21st Dynasty, has writing in hieratic on the verso and a text in hieroglyphics and coloured illustrations on the recto. Conditions of the papyrus gave considerable cause for concern, as it was very dark in colour, fragile, badly fragmented, with weakening of the fibres. The numerous fragments were held together with an unnecessarily large number of tabs and strips of adhesive tape used in previous conservation works, which were harmful and unsightly.
The Egyptian kingship is one of the fundamental patterns in the pharaonic semantic; at the core of its nature is the regular dynamic of succession, which is read as celebration of the divine constellation of Osiris (dead king) – Horus (ruling king). During the history, this model transforms, giving birth to specific concepts of transmission of power and legitimization (Ramesside period, Persian domination, conquest of Alexander the Great, Roman Empire); in the last centuries, the nature of the pharaonic kingship merged together with the Roman ideology, contributing to a new concept of the power.
On 24 September 2011 two new rooms of the Egyptian Museum of Florence were opened to the visitors. The first room is dedicated to the Ptolemaic period, and the second one to the Roman and Coptic periods. Visitor communication is provided by means of short captions close to the objects, as well as with visual light-boxes, in Italian and in English. The exhibition includes objects that had never been exposed, as well as pieces that not had a definitive placing yet (e.g., the renowned Fayum portait).
The relative verb form in ancient Egyptian has no counterpart in any other Semitic or Afro-Asiatic language, and it is attested only sporadically in other languages. In the African Bantu languages, a similar construction exists. This article presents the case of Kiswahili, a language used widely in East Africa, in which there is a relative form that agrees with the antecedent. This characteristic renders this form very similar to the Egyptian one. At the end we propose a possible areal diffusion.
This scientific contribution wants to underline the importance of physical anthropology in the Egyptologic research field, calling the attention specifically to one of the methods of study used in archaeological and forensic fields: medical radiology. Here I want to propose a comparison between two different approaches of scientific research executed in different times and places associated by the same subject of study: an Egyptian mummy; the first took place in France in 1989 in the Guimet Museum of Lion and the second one in December 2007 in the Stibbert Museum in Florence and in the Etnographic Museum of the Franciscan Mission of Fiesole.
Even if the story of Moses’ birth in the Bible follows the pattern of the “legend of the hero exposed at birth”, the most striking element in it is the inversion of the traditional cliché of an infant abandoned by a noble mother and adopted by a humble family. This paper, centered on the analysis of witnesses from the Jew-Hellenistic authors proposes the theory that Moses is presented as the legitimate heir to Egyptian throne, in order to connect him with a universally recognized model of “ideal kingship”.
The origin of the festival of the god Sokar, which probably dates back to the earliest Egyptian dynasties but it’s well documented only from the New Kingdom, is still largely unknown. During the New Kingdom, Sokar assumed such importance that his festival was included in the Osirian mysteries. A study of the lists of annual celebrations found in Old Kingdom tombs, added to other information in our possession, allows the formulation of some hypotheses about it.
A survey of the publications related mainly to the hieratic and demotic documents of the Egyptian Museum in Turin, as they were planned in the frame of the Museum’s centennial activity. Some of them feature subsequent steps of the research with concern both of the contents and of the reconstruction of manuscripts and their identity, whereas they cover all periods of pharaonic history. Likewise they show the result of a high international interest and follow the development of the studies by the most representative scholars.
Description of a Late Period – Ptolemaic Period small statue formerly in Florence (collection of Salvatore Romano, 1875-1955), belonging to a Djed- or son of Pkas and of Tared. A preliminary translation of its texts is presented: though the provenance of the object is unknown, the biographical data and the gods named point to Athribis–Delta.
This paper examines some fragments of Sthenidas’ treatise Perì basileias and of Zaleukos’ Prooimion to the laws - some of them preserved by Stobaeus - discovering in the work of the lawgivers of ancient Lokris themes and topics which occur both in the ancient Egyptian Didactic Literature (in particular in the Instruction addressed to king Merikare, a treatise on kingship in the form of a royal testament) and in the autobiographical inscriptions from Egyptian tombs, such as the so-called ‘Installation of the Vizier’ from the tomb of Rekhmire at Thebes.