Edition of a papyrus fragment preserved in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo (P. Cairo box n. 3089), written by three hands. The first, a quick cursive, wrote the final part of an oath, with a dating to the reign of Hadrian; the second and third, worse than the first, belong to the witnesses, Titios (?) and Horos, who signed the oath.
This paper includes a proposal of a new reading and the consequent explanation of an unclear abbreviation in BGU VI 1378 e 1379; furthermore the editio princeps of the documents written on the recto side of PSI VI 725 (LDAB 5513) and VII 760 (LDAB 5514) is here presented.
In this paper I am reconsidering jointly P.Petrie III 104, 105 e 106 and various other fragments, which originally constituted a single document, but which have been published in random order in the volumes P.Petrie II and III. I also restored some lines of P.Petrie III 106 R fr. 2, p. 254. These restorations appear reliable on the basis of current knowledge; in light of them, P.Petrie III 106 fr. 2, p. 254 – dated to the third year of Euergetes (245/244a) – allows a backdate of about ten years the introduction of the toparches in the Arsinoites with respect to P.Petrie III 75 – dated anuary 18 235a – which has been hitherto considered the oldest attestation.
Through Gronewald’s transcription, the article provides a new integration and interpretive reading of the fragmentary papyrus text P.Dura 3 which contains a glossary of Homer, Il. IV 301-316 with lemmata and interpretamenta, explaining the meaning of some incomplete entries evidently used to emphasize a concept contained in the same excerpts, and re-evaluating the Dura’s cultural context, especially in the military view.
As P.Schub. 4 was published in 1950 by W. Schubart, it had already been lost: the original was not available to the editor princeps, but merely his transcription of the text and some notes, in which he dated the papyrus into the 3rd century AD. Now that the piece has been found again, the paper aims to recontextualize it, suggesting his provenance from the same cartonnage as the documents edited in BGU VIII and consequently its new dating to the 1st century BCE, confirmed by palaeographical analysis.
The article examines the evidences about Dionysios Kyklographos (FGrHist 15), author of the Historical Cycle, and some cases of syntheses in prose, transmitted by papyri of Hellenistic and Imperial age, which deal with mythical subject matters of the traditional canonized literary genres, especially Homeric and cyclic epic poetry. The papyri are examined from a palaeographical, bibliological and philological point of view, in order to suggest some hypotheses on their readership.
The name H'py, the denomination of the Egyptian god of the flooding of the Nile, appears in numerous anthroponyms – mainly written in demotic and in some Greek transcriptional variants – dated from the Graeco-Roman period. The use of the name Îapy in Graeco-Roman anthroponyms shows that the traditional cult of the god remained in this period, in which the Greek divinization of the Nile is also developed. The preservation of the Egyptian anthroponyms containing the name Îapy and the use of Greek names related to the Nile as new anthroponyms reflect the parallel cult of both gods in Graeco-Roman Egypt.
Several letters to the dead were written to solve inheritance problems. The main purpose of the paper is to investigate on the possible juridical function of these documents. A comparison between the letters and the oracles from Deir el-Medina showed the importance of the ancestral spirits in the legal disputes concerning real estate. The analysis of the letters provided some new interpretations: the term mskʒ in the Cairo Linen (JdE 25675) could denote a legal document written on a piece of leather; the peculiar incipit of the Qaw bowl (UCL 16163) describes a rite performed during the funeral of the sender’s brother.
This paper takes into account some minor deities associated with the border areas of Egypt, the deserts and the oasis – hence the definition of “marginal deities”, to be intended in a geographical sense but also with reference to the edges of the same divine world, as minor, or at least, less known gods. The aim is to draw a picture of the divine setting above the geographical framework of the Old Kingdom, to explore the frontiers of Egypt in order to identify which of the deities connected to the borders are indeed foreign gods and which are purely Egyptian deities who served as controllers of the same borders/frontiers against the outside world.
Within the framework of the PRIN project “the Seven Plagues”, the Egyptological section, led by Giuseppina Capriotti, has identified, in the archaeological literature, traces of ancient catastrophes, both human and natural. The study and interpretation of these datas has demonstrated that a single point of view is not adequate to prove an ancient disaster; the support of other scientific disciplines is needed, so, to underline the connection between these events and the ancient society and environment.
The latest studies of the Bologna University about the scientific expedition at Bakchias (Kom Umm el-Atl), carried out in collaboration with “Sapienza” Rome University, have revealed several new elements useful for reconsidering the urban development of the kome. The archaeological research was completed by a topographical survey; all data were managed in a GIS database, an important tool for the analysis and interpretation of spatial information, in order to investigate the site historical evolution.